The Adet case study is hosted by LIFT programme of DfID. LIFT has three main components:
1. Increase the access of farmers to (micro)credits through land certification that document the right of ownership/rent of the land. This mainly involves the identification and mapping (GIS/satellites) of all areas used by the farmer resulting in a certificate showing the extent of the farm worked by a specific farmer. This then serves as collateral to obtain credits by banks.
2. Increase the production of high quality wheat to be supplied to the market and can be labelled as ‘organic’ which requires a shift in fertilization from inorganic fertilizer to organic fertilizer. At present there is a growing demand for organically grown wheat by bakeries (ao in Addis Ababa) that cannot be met by current farming systems. One solution is to switch from current fertilization practices involving the use of inorganic fertilizer to organic fertilizer notably compost. To improve the composting SME will supply inocculants.
3. improve the productivity of the land by increases access to organic fertilizers (via the so-called compost ‘hub’) and reduced tillage (switch to two wheel tractor/row planting) and other technological improvements (technology ‘hub’). The main idea behind a hub is that all activities related to either production and/or distribution of compost or technological developments are to be organized at local or regional level (depending on the farming systems and distance to such centralized hubs).
As such the Amhara case covers a number of activities related to FGI, notably the access to credits and integration of technology and supply of compost via the hub concept.
At present however it is unclear to what extent compost, in case of a complete shift from inorganic to organic fertilizers is able to supply the soil with required nutrients. Not only are nutrients from compost less available compared to those from inorganic fertilizers, also the composition of compost is such that it may prove difficult to achieve an optimum supply of N, P and K in their required ratios. Ultimately this depends on both the crops demand as well as the source material of the compost.
Main added value through interaction with FGI:
1. Better assessment of farmers needs in terms of nutrient demands depending on the crop produced, soil type etc. (FGI step 1)
2. Include possibilities to provide more tailor made products in combination with inorganic fertilizer if organic fertilizers prove to be insufficient (blending; FGI step 3)
Similar to the Ziway case study the added value of cooperation between the LIFT programme and FGI is a better understanding and optimization of nutritional needs of crops in relation to soil type and providing optimum amounts of nutrients in view of the quality of fertilizers applied (which in case of Amhara can be largely organic fertilizers)